Employment & Industrial Relation

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Employment & Industrial Relation

The primary focus of employment law is on individual job-related issues, whereas the primary focus of industrial law is on collective connections and activities inside the workplace, such as collective bargaining and labour organizations. Both of these subfields of employment law contribute to the upkeep of an employment relationship that is fair and balanced between employers and employees.


Employment law and industrial law are two areas of the law that are closely related to one another and control the relationships and exchanges that occur in the workplace among employers, employees, and labour organizations.

Despite the fact that they are similar in many respects, there are some key differences between the two.

The field of law known as employment law is concerned with the legal rights and responsibilities that are held by employers and employees in their individual capacities.

It comprises regulations regarding hiring, employment contracts, working conditions, working hours, salaries, benefits, discrimination, harassment, wrongful termination, and other individual employment-related matters.

Employment law serves to protect the rights of individual workers while also ensuring that both employers and employees adhere to the legal obligations that are in place.

Industrial law is concerned with collective relationships and procedures inside the workplace. It primarily focuses on the rights and responsibilities of employers, employees, and labour organisations as collective entities.

It entails establishing employment conditions and standards on an industry-wide basis, as well as regulating collective bargaining, trade unions, workplace disputes, strikes, lockouts, and industrial action. Industrial law is a body of law that seeks to create a framework for collective decision-making and bargaining, with the end goal of achieving a power equilibrium between employers and employees.

The legal area of Employment and Industrial  Law in Malta is regulated by Chapter 452 of the Laws of Malta, entitled  Employment and Industrial Relations Act. In addition to this,  the level of regulation is so stringent that the Constitution of Malta recognizes the right to work as a basic right and also outlines the role of the state in supporting the conditions that are necessary for this right to be exercised.

In the area of employment and industrial relations, we at Ryan Ellul Advocates are able to provide assistance with the following matters:

  • negotiating, drafting and review of employment contracts, collective agreements and service agreements;
  • drafting data  protection policies and procedures; 
  • advice in dispute resolution;
  • represent you before the Industrial Tribunal and any other court or Tribunal;
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